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1. How to identify stakeholders? What are the key entry points for stakeholder participation in GEF IW operations?

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Key concepts & skills: • Stakeholder analysis • Understanding stakeholder participation • Iterative consultation and informed participation • The benefits and costs of consultation and participation • Indigenous peoples and gender considerations in consultation

Recommended (Handbooks & Toolkits):

44.jpg Stakeholder Engagement: A Good Practice Handbook for Companies Doing Business in Emerging Markets (IFC, 2007) En, Es, Fr, Pt, Zh, Ru: This handbook endeavors to provide a comprehensive overview of good practice in stakeholder engagement, with a dedicated focus on stakeholder groups that are "external" to the core operation of the business, such as affected communities, local government authorities, non-governmental and other civil society organizations, local institutions and other interested or affected parties.

Why Gender Matters - a tutorial for water managers (UNDP, 2006) En, Es: Addressing gender and water together seeks to ensure that the contributions of both men and women are recognised. To manage water effectively and sustainably, it is important to understand the different roles of men and women and to target action appropriately. Re-examining how women and men manage water through this tutorial will allow to make progress towards and maximize social and economic benefit from more sustainable use of water.

45.jpg The Inter-American Strategy for the Promotion of Public Participation in Decision-making for Sustainable Development (ISP) (OAS, 2001)
The principles and recommendations contained in the ISP are intended to lead to effective public policies that will encourage and ensure that civil society and governments at all levels work together to achieve sustainable development in the hemisphere.

Handbook on Stakeholder Consultation and Participation in ADB Operations (AfDB, 2001): The purpose of this Handbook is to help African Development Bank staff and Regional Member Country counterparts better understand what participation actually means in practice. It also provides guidelines as to what staff can do to promote participation at every stage of the Bank’s project cycle, including the preparation of Country Strategy Papers, and Poverty Reduction Strategies.

46.jpg Doing Better Business Through Effective Public Consultation: A Good Practice Manual (IFC, 1998) En, Es, Fr: Public consultation, as referred to in this Good Practice Manual, is a tool for managing two-way communication between the project sponsor and the public. Its goal is to improve decision-making and build understanding by actively involving individuals, groups and organizations with a stake in the project. This involvement will increase a project's long-term viability and enhance its benefits to locally affected people and other stakeholders.

Additional (Case studies):

Addressing Grievances From Project-Affected Communities (IFC, 2009): This Good Practice Note provides guidance on basic principles and general process steps that organizations from any sector and of any size should take into account when dealing with concerns and complaints from affected communities.

Glamis Gold: Stakeholder Analysis in the Marlin Gold Mine Project (IFC, 2007): As Glamis Gold Ltd. began the development of the Marlin Gold Mine, insufficient stakeholder analysis harmed the consultation process involving affected municipalities in Guatemala. Initial consultations neglected to consider the potential opposition of the less affected population.

Sakhalin Energy Investment Company (SEIC): A Participatory Process for the Sakhalin Indigenous Minorities Development Plan (IFC, 2007): The Sakhalin project's goal was the "recovery, processing, and export of oil and gas" from oil fields on and around the Sakhalin Islands. Before the goal could be accomplished, an effective and participatory consultation process had to be initiated with approximately 3,500 diverse indigenous people on the island.

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